Today, financial assets like bonds and crypto are not just a way to yield high ROI; they have become a great platform to diversify a portfolio. Whether you invest in listed or unlisted stocks, the goal of every investor is to generate maximum return on their investment with minimal cost. Both listed and unlisted investments provide investors with an opportunity to buy an asset and likely earn a great return on investment. Further, the stratification of asset classes makes finance more manageable for potential investors to comprehend. By knowing how investment groupings fit in asset classes, investors can track their investments and make future decisions as well.
As an investor, if you’re planning to invest in the best unlisted shares in India, you must know that every investment belongs to one or another asset class. Moreover, it is vital for you to know where your money goes – to which asset class. Here in this blog, we’ll give you a brief overview of asset classes and their different types in the financial market.
What is an asset class? An overview
An asset class is an amalgamation or group of similar investments and securities with the same features and abiding by the same laws and regulations. In the financial marketplace, asset classes include equity (stocks), fixed income (bond), cash and cash equivalent, commodities, real estate, and currencies. Since these assets have similar characteristics, they’ve traded in the same financial market.
However, risk factors, taxation, liquidity, rate of return, tenure, and market volatility may vary as per the asset class. The fact is that investors seldom rely on asset categories to diversify their portfolios and earn a maximum return with minimal costs. Moreover, financial advisors also focus on asset classes to aid investors in diversifying their portfolios.
A list of different kinds of asset classes in the financial market
Every asset class you choose plays a vital role in your investment and portfolio. Below is a list containing different asset classes; just go through it and enlighten yourself.
Stocks or equities
Whether you call them equities or stocks, this asset class is issued by publicly-traded companies. Equity is basically a share of the company, which means if you invest in equity, you buy a share in the company and thus become a shareholder. The stock or equities are basically traded on the stock exchange/market. Here you can make money in two ways: receive income in the form of dividends and earn through a rise in the share price. The average return on the unlisted stock market is about 300% annually. What are the best unlisted stocks to buy? Connect with a professional broker now.
Bonds are also known as fixed-income investments. It is an investment in debt-securities where you get ROI in the form of interest. This type of investment is considered to be less risky than equities or other asset classes. Bonds can be categorised into corporate bonds, government bonds, agency bonds and many more.
Mutual funds and ETFs
Mutual funds and Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are other asset classes that offer liquidity and real-time settlement. ETF funds are just traded like mutual funds. You can sell and purchase ETFs the same way that a regular stock can. These asset classes can give you an expected return of 12% to 15% or even higher. Remember, the risk is also higher in mutual funds as the underlying investment in stock.
Annuities are basically insurance products, which is a good investment, especially for people who are looking for a reliable income stream after an agreed period. If you’re planning to fund a fund for education for your children or your retirement, this asset class of investment is good for you to secure your future.
Anything ranging from tangible properties, goods, or products that you can trade for different purposes. Gold, silver, house, food crops, etc., are some examples of commodity-linked products investment. Their prices rise and fall based on the market demand; therefore make sure to invest in commodities when their price is low.
The emerging asset class, cryptocurrencies, are making a splash in the money market. However, cryptocurrency is a risky investment but is extremely profitable. Since it is a digital asset investment, people use it for online purchases. You can exchange currency such as ‘dollars’ to buy ‘tokens’ of a particular kind of cryptocurrency. Invest in Bitcoin as it will offer you high ROI.
Forex and futures
The next asset class we have on the list is forex and futures. This investment includes foreign exchange, futures contracts, and expanding a range of financial derivatives. In simple words, derivatives are financial instruments based on or derived from an underlying asset, for example, stock, commodity, and currency. Forex investors can earn up to 20% to 30% annually.
Fixed deposits are the safest form of investment, with a return expected to be between 5-8%. Banks are the safest and most reliable place to keep and save many while enjoying the ROI. You can do FD for one year, two years, three years or a maximum of 10 years to earn maximum ROI on your investment.
Another asset class is an alternative investment. This type of investment is best for those who don’t want any kind of risk. It is because alternative investment has no correlation with market volatility. Real estate funds, Private equity funds, and hedge funds are great examples of alternative investments. These investment types provide you hedge against inflation, reduce overall risk exposure, and offer an opportunity to diversify your portfolio.
Insurance is a great investment plan that offers the benefit of investment and life cover in a single plan. There are different types of insurance you can invest in:
Term Insurance plan – A simple form of life insurance offering financial protection to your family. In case of misfortune, the amount gets compensated to the nominee.
Annuity Plan – A type of investment to meet long-term retirement needs. You have to pay a lump sum in the accumulation and receive regular income as long as you live.
Retirement Plan – Retirement investment takes care of your post-retirement days. You have to contribute a certain amount on a regular basis and after retirement, you start getting money as your savings.
Critical Insurance plan – This type of insurance plan helps you handle expenses related to life-threatening critical illnesses and diseases.
Education protection plan – A type of insurance policy that offers protection and opportunity for saving money to secure the future of your child.
There are many more insurance plans that you can invest in for your future.
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