Understanding The Difference Between The Working of NCDEX and MCX

Commodity trading is rapidly growing, and understanding the workings of major exchanges like NCDEX and MCX is essential for financial success. This exploration delves into the National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) and the Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX), revealing their unique operations and market dynamics. Whether you’re an experienced investor or new, our analysis sheds light on their different commodities, contracts, trades, settlements, and regulations. 

Equipped with valuable knowledge, we guide traders to navigate these exchanges confidently, making informed decisions in the thrilling world of commodity trading. Join us on a journey of understanding as we discuss the difference between NCDEX and MCX, providing you with the information to learn about this exciting and profitable space.

What Is NCDEX?

NCDEX is a specialised commodity exchange, and is a pivotal platform for trading agricultural products like wheat, rice, milk, lentils, fruit, and vegetable yields. However, its potential has been concealed due to internal consumption and fragmented local markets. NCDEX emerged to bridge this gap, serving as a centralised arena for national-level agricultural trade. NCDEX plays a vital role in India’s flourishing agricultural sector, granting investors direct access to diverse agricultural items and enabling year-round price discovery for sellers.

What Is MCX?

MCX, the Multi-Commodity Exchange started by the government of India, empowers investors with diverse commodities trading opportunities. Amidst the ever-changing demand and supply forces in the Indian financial market, MCX offers a platform for profit-seeking individuals to explore and capitalise on price fluctuations, catering to those with a higher risk appetite.

Difference Between NCDEX And MCX

NCDEX and MCX are commodity trading platforms but differ in their trade process. MCX focuses on precious metals like gold and silver and other industrial metals. Conversely, NCDEX excels in providing favourable investment returns through trading in agriculture-based products. While MCX caters to precious and industrial metals, NCDEX specialises in tapping the potential of agricultural commodities for investors seeking diverse opportunities.

Here are some apparent differences between NCDEX and MCX:

Point Of Difference NCDEXMCX 
Establishment Year April 2023November 2003
Commodity Traded34 products, including agro-based productsForty products, including precious metals, gold, silver, bullion, etc.
Clearing Banks1516

NCDEX, established in April 2023, focuses on agro-based products among its 34 offerings. In contrast, MCX, founded in November 2003, deals in 40 products, including precious metals and bullion. Their promoters and clearing banks also differ as NCDEX has 15 clearing banks and MCX has 16, providing diverse opportunities for traders and investors in the commodities market.

Similarities Between NCDEX and MCX 

The NCDEX and MCX share several similarities in their operations and functionalities. Established in 2003, both these commodity exchanges have headquarters in Mumbai, India. Their use of cutting-edge technologies facilitates swift and accurate trading for all participants.

On weekdays from Monday to Friday, NCDEX and MCX provide an accessible online trading platform that members can utilise through a computer-to-computer link (CTCL) and trader workstation connected via VPN, VSAT, leased lines, and the internet.

One fundamental similarity between the two exchanges is that they deal in standardised contracts. This means that the lot size, commodity quality for delivery, and expiry dates are pre-defined and uniform across the board.

To ensure a secure trading environment similar to the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), both MCX and NCDEX execute transactions through clearing corporations. This setup effectively eliminates counterparty risk, instilling confidence in traders.

Both MCX and NCDEX permit trading on margins, enabling traders to take larger positions in the market with a fraction of the required capital. This leverage can amplify potential profits but entail more significant risk, as losses can similarly be magnified.

Which Commodity Trading Platform Is Better? 

While both NCDEX and MCX are prominent commodity trading platforms, NCDEX stands out as the better option for commodity trading. With its convenient market timings, offering extended hours for internationally linked Agri commodities like Cotton and CPO until 9:00 pm, NCDEX provides traders with more opportunities to capitalise on market movements. As a result, NCDEX emerges as a more versatile and advantageous platform, making it the preferred choice for commodity traders seeking a reliable and flexible trading experience. You can also buy NCDEX unlisted shares online for great returns on your investment. 


  1. What is the function of NCDEX and MCX? 

Regarding trading commodities in India, the top names are MCX and NCDEX. Both of them function similarly to stock exchanges, with the exception that they deal in commodities rather than stocks and stock indexes.

  1. Is NCDEX private or government?

It is a government-owned corporation established on April 23, 2003, per the Companies Act of 1956, and received its certificate for the start of operations on May 9, 2003. It started running on December 15, 2003.

  1. What comes under NCDEX? 

The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange, often known as NCDEX, is one of India’s top commodity exchanges. It specialises in trading various agricultural commodities, including grains, spices, oilseeds, pulses, metals, and energy goods.

  1. What is NCDEX Trading? 

The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange, often known as NCDEX, is one of India’s top commodity exchanges. It specialises in trading various agricultural commodities, including grains, spices, oilseeds, pulses, metals, and energy goods.

  1. What is NCDEX market timing?

NCDEX market timings for Agricultural (Agri) commodities are from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm with an auto square off timer at 4:30 pm. For Internationally linked Agri commodities, the market operates from 9:00 am to 9:00 pm with a square off at 8:30 pm. Other commodities like Gold, Silver, Crude, etc., trade from 9:00 am to 11:55 pm, with a square off at 11:25 pm.

Table of Contents

NCDEX or MCX? Which one is better for commodity trading? Get to know about these major platforms for commodity trading!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join Stockify's WhatsApp Community
Stockify Fintech Pvt. Ltd.
Stockify Fintech Pvt. Ltd

Provide Email And Download!

Stockify Fintech Pvt. Ltd

Provide Email And Download!

Stockify Fintech Pvt. Ltd.

Haven't found what you're looking for?
Speak to an expert.
Book an appointment by clicking on the link below.

Piyush Jhunjhunwala
Piyush Jhunjhunwala
CA, CPA, Ex. PepsiCo, Reckitt, Coty
CEO & Founder
Dubai, UAE.
Rahul Khatuwala
Rahul Khatuwala
Ex. Wipro & Finaco Founder
Bangalore, India.