NSE Vs. BSE: 101 Guide With Detailed Explanation Of Market Share and Financial Summary


We come across the word “Stock Exchange” in our day-to-day life or may have seen people who work in finance or invest in the stock market. The stock exchange is a crucial component of the stock market, but it does not own stocks. Instead, it is a medium  that brings stock sellers and stock buyers to the same platform. In India, stocks or shares can be traded on different exchanges, such as NSE (National Stock Exchange) or BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange). Stride along with us to learn about the difference between NSE and BSE. Let’s start from scratch.

What Is the National Stock Exchange?

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited is the biggest financial market in India. Established in 1992, NSE was established as a refined and electronic market, and now it is a fully automated electronic platform. NSE is the world’s fourth-largest platform based on equity trading volume. In 1994, stock trading began on NSE with the introduction of the wholesale debt market and a cash market segment. The exchange was established to bring enhanced transparency to the Indian stock market. 

Currently, NSE conducts transactions in equity and wholesale debt markets. The NIFTY 50 Index is one of the widely popular offerings of the NSE, which monitors the largest assets in the Indian equity market and represents the majority of total market capitalization. NSE has got $2.27 trillion in total market capitalization till June 2020 and cemented its name as one of the world’s largest stock exchanges. 

What Is the Bombay Stock Exchange?

Incorporated in 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers’ Association, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is India’s first and largest securities market. One of the largest exchanges in the world, BSE lists nearly 6000 companies and is known for its support for developing capital markets in India. BSE is the first stock exchange in Asia and encompasses a platform where small and medium enterprises trade equities. 

Key Differences Between NSE and BSE

Regardless of whether you’re an investor or a trader, you must know what these stock exchanges are and the essential differences between the BSE and the NSE. Here is some useful information about these two stock exchanges that will assist you in recognizing and perceiving the distinctions between the NSE and the BSE.

Basis of Comparison NSE BSE 
Full FormNational Stock Exchange Bombay Stock Exchange 
IncorporationEstablished in 1992Established in 1875
IntroductionIndia’s First Fully Automated, Electronic Trading Platform The Oldest Stock Exchange In India 
Benchmark Index NIFTY 50SENSEX
HeadquartersLocated In Mumbai Located In Mumbai 
Companies Listed 16965749
Products 1. Equity 
2. Equity, Currency, and Commodity Derivatives
3. Exchange-Traded Funds
4. Mutual Funds
5. Security Lending & Borrowing Scheme
6. Corporate Bonds
7. Initial Public Offering (IPO)
8. Institutional Placement Program (IPP)
9. Offer for Sale
1. Equity 
2. Equity, Currency, and Commodity Derivatives
3. Exchange-Traded Funds
4. Mutual Funds
5. Corporate Bonds
6. Initial Public Offering (IPO)
7. Offer for Sale
Market Capitalization 2.27 Trillion2.1 Trillion
Liquidity High LiquidityLow Liquidity 
Global Rank 11th10th 

Profit & Loss Summary: NSE Vs. BSE

Profit & Loss (CR) – FY 2022NSE BSE 
EBITDA 6499.3285
PBT 6822264
EPS 103.218.51

Balance Sheet: NSE Vs. BSE

Balance Sheet (CR)NSE BSE 
Total Equity 15418.282654.52
Total Non-Current Assets 9218.371231.86
Total Current Assets26, 388.634953.54
Total Assets 35,607.006185.40
Total Non-Current Liabilities 469.618.68
Total Current Liabilities 15, 463.882746.12 

Difference Between NSE and BSE Based On Cash Flow

Particulars (As of March 22)NSE BSE 
Profit Before Tax6,912.29195.12
Net Cash Flow from Operating Activity5,831.69202.50
Net Cash Used in Investing Activity4,185.27-216.11
Net Cash Used in Financing Activity1,258.31-96.19
Net Inc/Dec In Cash and Cash Equivalent388.11-109.80
Cash and Cash Equivalent – Beginning of the Year9,169.07115.63

Why is the NSE Better Than the BSE? 

As you can see from the data provided above, NSE has more trading volume than BSE, indicating that many stock buyers and sellers are available regarding NSE unlisted shares. In addition, NSE’s greater liquidity compared to BSE makes it a better choice. Greater liquidity indicates easier trading, ultimately providing several opportunities to convert shares into money. If you are a retail investor wishing to trade in derivatives, NSE would be a preferred alternative since NSE has a monopoly in the derivative contract segment, and the trading numbers of NSE Nifty are high due to its better liquidity. 

Certainly, NSE pre-IPO stock is the best bet for you if you wish to put your money into stock investment as a retail investor. NSE is dominating with more than 90% market share in all categories. Compared to BSE, its revenue growth has been three times more than BSE for the last four years. As per market expectation, NSE is expected to deliver an EPS (Equity Per Share) of 150 per share in the financial year 2023, which is 8 times more than the EPS of BSE.  In addition, NSE has proclaimed a dividend of Rs 42 per share in 2022 and expects around Rs 70 per share in 2023. Based on the above data and the comparison, if you buy NSE unlisted shares, count on Stockify. We are one of India’s trusted online stock trading platforms where you can buy and sell unlisted shares in India from the comfort of your home. 

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