Due Diligence is an essential process performed on potential financial entities of a company before investing in their shares. Various companies in India offer their unlisted shares before bringing their Initial Public Offering (IPO). This process minimises the risk by reviewing the company’s past performance, financial records, and total valuation. Regardless of the company, Due Diligence is mandatory for individual investors to analyse the risk before they decide to buy unlisted shares in India .
According to the Tuck School Of Business, only 10-15% of investment proposals go through Due Diligence. More than one million companies in India allow investors to buy unlisted shares. So it is essential to understand the role of due Diligence before investing in any unlisted shares in India. Get ready to learn the process of due Diligence.
What Exactly Is Due Diligence?
In India, people still have limited knowledge of investing and the stock market. The majority of individual investors skip Due Diligence in investing. Even the National Stock Exchange (NSE) ace investor also recommends performing Due Diligence before investing in unlisted shares. In simplified form, Due Diligence is the process of doing an audit, investigation or review of the potential entity before entering the transaction for stock or other assets.
It is a systematic way to analyse the company’s financial records before investing in its listed or unlisted shares. There are various platforms on which you will get public information about companies that offer pre-IPO stocks. It includes the total valuation, revenue, competitors, previous year’s profits, and many more. By performing Due Diligence, you can mitigate the risk of future losses.
Different Forms Of Due Diligence
Due Diligence before stock investment is categorised in different forms based on the type of financial information. During the investment process, it is required to analyse the current market condition, and it is essential to understand the goal behind this investigation process. Here are the different forms of Due Diligence in unlisted shares:
Financial Due Diligence
As the name suggests, in this form of Due Diligence, you analyse a company’s financial records. During this, you audit the company’s account statements and balance sheets to ensure no irregularities.
Commercial Due Diligence
This form of Due Diligence in investment includes reviewing a company’s unlisted shares in the market. It also includes researching the previous year’s sales, competitors, and expected returns from a particular company’s share. Commercial Due Diligence is a crucial step in buying pre-IPO stocks.
Legal Due Diligence
In legal Due Diligence, you ensure that the company follows legal compliance while offering products or services. It also includes checking the pending litigation or any law sanction company is facing right now. When a company follows all legal compliances while offering its unlisted shares, it reduces the future risk for investors.
Role of Due Diligence In Investing In Unlisted Shares
Investing in unlisted shares can be difficult when you don’t perform Due Diligence. This investigation process has its role in providing data about the company’s financial situation. Due Diligence is widely used by sole investors or firms who buy unlisted shares of startups or businesses.
Analyse The Potential Risk
One of the crucial roles of Due Diligence in investing is mitigating future risk. The audit process includes identifying the potential threat by analysing the unlisted shares in every aspect. It also assesses the company’s financial factors, like revenue, profit made in the fiscal year, and expected future return on a particular share.
Access To the Balance Sheet
The balance sheet of any company shows its financial records in a more precise way. When you incorporate Due Diligence in investing before buying unlisted shares, it presents the liabilities and assets of the company in a consolidated form. Additionally, you can also get an overview of the total incurred debts and expected growth of its pre-IPO stocks in the next 5-10 years.
Company’s Total Valuation
An exact figure of the company’s total valuation is essential to investing decisions. That is why the most prominent investors always consider this metric before buying unlisted shares of the companies. Following Due Diligence allows you to review the company’s price-per-earning growth ratio.
Price History Of Unlisted Shares
With Due Diligence, you will have the price history of the unlisted shares and their past performance. The process allows you to get detailed dividend and growth ratio figures. It also gives you a rough idea about unlisted shares like Hexaware Technologies and Fincare’s total profit earned by the current owner. You can review the price history to make an investment decision.
Possibility Of Share Dilution
There are many possibilities to dig deep into factors that decide unlisted shares’ growth. It clarifies the other available options and how much a share can dilute in upcoming months. So, due Diligence in investing has its role of allowing you to select the right unlisted shares.
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